Isolation of yeasts and fungi from various samples (swabs of skin and mucosa, genital tract, stool, saliva, urine) is performed routinely, in parallel with bacteriological examination.
If the patient wishes, identification at species levels and testing of yeast susceptibility to antifungals (5 or 8) by commercial testing can be done.
Isolation of fungi – yeast
Fungi of the genus Candida can normally be found on the skin and mucous membranes of healthy people. Also, these fungi, most commonly Candida albicans, can cause infections of the skin, mucous membranes, and other organs of the human body.
Candidiasis – growth of Candidas
Candida is a fungus that is normally found in small numbers in the human gut and skin. Until infection, d.m.th. Increased Candida growth occurs when, for some reason, the immune balance is disturbed.
Candidiasis can also occur due to external influences (excessive use of antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, birth control pills, excessive genital hygiene with alkaline soap that destroys the normal mucous flora, pregnancy, menstruation, menstruation, lavage inappropriate, etc. inadequate hygienic organism to infections).
Candida fungi may be present in the oral cavity, pharynx, tongue, nose, bronchi, lungs, digestive tract, ears, vagina, skin, nails, blood (systemic candidiasis).
Harmful substances produced by Candida can disrupt the functioning of almost all organs, which is why candidiasis manifests itself in a variety of symptoms.
Candida releases over 70 different products into the bloodstream, including neurotoxins that cause headaches, attention deficit, and concentration disorders.
Damage to the intestinal mucosa caused by Candida can result in various digestive problems.
Predisposing factors for these infections are, above all:
Prolonged use of broad-spectrum antibiotics that destroy the normal intestinal bacterial protective flora and thus facilitate the development of candida,
Pregnancy, diabetes, as well as excessive use of prophylactic drugs against fungi, when the insensitivity of fungi to these drugs appears.
Chemotherapy, transplantation, malignancies and all conditions leading to immunosuppression, ie. Decreased natural defenses of the body, Prolonged hospital stay, Genital hernia.
Genital candidiasis in women is accompanied by tingling, itching and increased secretion, which is usually white and after intercourse, pain may also occur.
Men generally have no symptoms. Occasionally, white deposits may appear as well as secretions from the urethra.
Diagnosis of fungi
Fungi of the genus Candida can be identified in our laboratory with the help of mycological analysis down to the level of the species, which is very important in the treatment of intestinal infections with probiotics containing Saccharomyces boulardii, non-pathogenic yeast that is not morphologically different from fungi of the genus Candida, which is why Saccharomyces boulardii can declare Candida.
Identification at the species level involves examining the susceptibility of candida to certain antifungal drugs, i.e. drugs acting on it, which increases the probability that the therapy is effective.
Isolation and identification of dermatophyte fungi that cause skin, nail, and hair diseases require an incubation period of 14 days.
The following analyzes are available in the microbiological department of the AvicenaKS laboratory:
- Isolation of candida from various specimens (skin and mucosal swabs, stool, saliva, urine)
- If the patient wishes, the Candida type can be identified as well as antifungal susceptibility testing (five or eight drugs) • Serological analysis: Ig G and Ig M antibodies to Candida albicans
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